Stone Types and Codes

     As a knapper I use various terms that usually work with archaeological jargon.  This is the case when discussing raw materials.  However, the terms I use don't always conform to 'proper'scientific geological terms.  Sometimes they do and sometimes they don't. There is no accepted geological terms in any case and there are many disagreements amongst geologists.  As an example, most geologists distinguish between quartzite (metamorphic) and silicified sandstone (sedimentary).  Archaeologist frequently do not make this distinction and call silicified sandstone quartzite; occasionally metaquartzite.  I do make this distinction because there is generally a difference between the flaking qualities of these two stone types.  In this case I side with most geologists.  However, I also use the term jasper, which tends to be discounted by geologists,because of the special texture the term connotes. I use stone type terms a lot in my descriptions and it becomes cumbersome and a waste of space to each time spell out the entire descriptive name, especially when used in image captions.

     So, I have devised a code system that I use.  It is a 6 or 7 alpha code that gives the common name (as used by many knappers), the stone type (as used by me) and the source location by State, Province, County or Country.  Sometimes the location is given as 00 if I don't know it.  Click the button to go to the spreadsheet.  I will continue adding to it as I encounter previously unused material types.


Overview of east side of town with glory hole in the background

wallacruin at

©2018 by Primtech. Proudly created with