Prof. BRUCE BRADLEY
Our long-awaited book for the University of California Press is in
production. We have made numerous presentations in public and academic
The "Clovis First" and
"Beringia Only" theories have been crumbling for years, but for many
of us are now totally collapsed. There is now overwhelming direct
evidence for pre-Clovis occupation of the American continents, and virtually no
direct evidence that the progenitors of
In November 2010 I gave two
presentations at the V Simposio
Internacional "El hombre temprano en America" at
In June I spent a week in
New Research Project Underway
Learning To Be Human is a Leverhulme Trust funded research project that is designed to investigate the relationship between developing flintknapping skill, cognition and language in hominids. Students are being trained in knapping and their developing skills are being tracked over a period of 30 months. Six have undergone fMRI brain scans before any knapping and will have additional scans in November and again after the training has finished in September 2012. The goal is not to try and simulate ancient learning but to have the learners get as good at knapping as they can while we monitor skill acquisition and changes in brain activity. I am the Principal investigator with Co-investigators Dietrich Stout (Emory University, Atlanta) and James Steele (University College London). There are two PhD students in the project; Nada Khreisheh who is monitoring knapping learning (Exeter) and Stuart Page who is undertaking transmission chain experiments (University College London). We are also working with colleagues at Imperial College London (Dr. Aldo Faisal) on knapping gestures and Thierry Chaminade (Univeristy of Marsaille) who is collaborating with Dietz on the fMRI scans.
The knapping core group of 8 students,
Nada, a project assistant and another of my PhD students spent the month of
April at the Gault Site in central Texas.
This was made possible through the project grant (Leverhulme Trust) and
sponsorship of several long-time supporters of my research through the Gault School of Archaeological
Research. We spent the month working
in the excavation and lab as well as knapping.
Everybody greatly increased their abilities and we produced an amazing
pile of ‘debitage’. We will spend 2
weeks in Moesgaard,
I have also been involved in a related project, Directed by Dr. Aldo Faisal, Imperial College, London that used a sensory glove to track hand movement during knapping. Check out the University of Exeter and the recently published article. He has a lot more ideas as to how he can wire me up during knapping (including a spandex sensory suit- we’ll see about that one).
If all of this isn’t enough, as part of my role as internationalization office for the Department of Archaeology, I organized and presented a three-day workshop on Experimental Archaeology at the National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS) in Bangalore, India in February 2011. This was funded by UK British Council grant (UKIERI), NIAS and the University of Exeter International Office. The workshop was attended by academics in NIAS, the Indian Institute of Science and other academic invitees from around India and Exeter. Not all of these were archaeologists but included an astrophysicist, cognitive scientists, metallurgists, etc. Since then, the University has opened an office in Bangalore and has developed wide ranging relationships with several institutions there. I also had the opportunity to visit Madras with a former student in our Experimental Archaeology MA programme, Smriti Haricharan. She took me to some of the amazing Iron Age megalithic tomb sites she has been studying and attempting to save from encroaching development. I also enjoyed the generous hospitality of her family. While I do not intend to develop any archaeological research in India, I will be continuing a relationship with NIAS (there are several grant proposals submitted at the moment).
In July I spent a really nice week in
"Dated to the late Stone Age, Stonehenge
may be the best-known and most mysterious relic of prehistory. Every year, a
million visitors are drawn to England to gaze upon the famous circle of stones,
but the monument's meaning has continued to elude us. Now investigations inside
and around Stonehenge have kicked off a dramatic new era of discovery and
debate over who built Stonehenge and for what purpose. How did prehistoric
people quarry, transport, sculpt, and erect these giant stones? Granted
exclusive access to the dig site at Bluestonehenge, a prehistoric stone-circle
monument recently discovered about a mile from
Co-Principal Investigator, Gault Project
This is a photo of Mike Collins and
me at the Gault Project house near
I am now Associate Professor in the Department of Archaeology at the University of Exeter I am teaching various courses including lithic technology and analysis, archaeological materials and have been appointed Director of the Experimental Archaeology Masters Programme . It is unique and extremely well designed. It is a one-year (11 1/2 months) Masters in Experimental Archaeology. Although students have a set number of courses, labs, etc., there is ample opportunity to explore their own interests. For more information check out the department web page.
I am co-author of the book Clovis Technology with Mike Collins and Andy Hemmings. scanned page samples (pdf): Table of Contents 1; Table of Contents 2; Table of Contents 3; Figure 2.27; Page 71; Plate 1; Index
I also have contributions in two other recent books dealing with Paleoindian materials; Hell Gap and the 3rd edition of Prehistoric Hunters.
Click on images to go to Amazon.com pages To download see below To download see below
■ A Reevaluation of the French Solutrean Philip E. L. Smith 1962 dissertation, Harvard pdf details
(New indexed version 12 August 2011)
"I watched your video with a couple friends this week. I haven't seen it for a long time and when I first watched it several years ago it seemed like magic. I've done a couple of demos lately and have tried to figure out ways to keep them more interesting during the relatively long thinning and shaping stage without switching midway through to a prepared piece. That's what really struck me about your demo -- when you are ready to start making the point you are already halfway there and the audience was kept interested all the way along. AND they learn the difference between uniface/biface and cutting/scraping without even switching tools. Amazing to watch. I have lots to learn." Tim Rast
This video is a great addition to any flintknapping library and is being shown in many beginning archaeology courses in universities and colleges throughout North and South America (and some in Europe). It has also been well received in primary and secondary classrooms. Flintknapping has also been acclaimed by beginning and intermediate knappers as a great instructional tool. The dvd is 45 minutes long and works well with a 1 hour class. The dvd is indexed with chapters so it is easier to view specific areas of interest. The Clovis and Solutrean dvds are more specialized and demonstrate the production of bifaces in these two cultures. There are also bonus features. The Solutrean is a two disk set.
I continue to keep my hand in knapping and through my teaching (especially in the Learning To Be Human Project), knapping for experiments and doing demonstrations I mange not to get too rusty. Also, this spring I spent a week with Bill Woodcock knapping almost continuously on things he wanted made. He supplies the rock, travel, room and board (and entertainment) and although grueling, I really get retuned. I also managed to do a lot of knapping at the Gault dig in April. Mike Dothager came down from Illinois and spent a few days showing and teaching his rocker punch technique to the Project group. It really is an amazing method and he makes a good case for its ancient use based on archaeological finds. He has some nice sequences posted on YouTube.
Stix and Leaves Pueblo (5MT11555) in Montezuma County, Colorado is an Early Pueblo II Village that I excavated and researched for off and on for 7 years. There is now a final excavation report (available above). You can also view separately the results of tree-ring dating for all of the excavations and check out the two articles on projectile points. The first is in Indian Artifact Magazine, Vol. 20, No. 1, and view images of projectile points from two Anasazi sites in southwestern Colorado.
Southwest projectile point research in Pueblo archaeology in the Four Corners area in the 1970s involved me in the great Chaco debate, and I have been there ever since. Wallace Ruin, a Chaco Outlier near Cortez, Colorado. Wallace Ruin Summary Report, REPORT ON EXCAVATIONS 1998-2010 (see above).
Along with archaeology, I have also done many experimental projects including a replica kiva construction. Check out the many images of the complete process including its natural collapse after abandonment in 2003. One outcome of the experimental kiva is that there are some amazing, accidental, solar alignments. Check them out! These should serve as cautionary tales for budding archaeo-astronomers who see "significant" alignments everywhere. There have also been some surprises relating to post-abandonment decay, collapse and filling.
Sloan Dalton Check out good photos of the points, awls, burins, and scrapers (made on points) from the Sloan Site, a Dalton Cemetary in NE Arkansas. These images are posted here to supplement the poor illustrations in the otherwise excellent book by Dan Morse (Sloan a Paleoindian Dalton Cemetary in Arkansas, 1997, Smithsonian Institution Press, ISBN 1-56098-712-X). Sloan Dalton Artifacts Plates 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17
At the suggestion of a camper at Price camp I recommend you check out this page on Outdoor Survival tipsLast Updated August 12, 2011